Mayan Deities with Mushrooms

The Aztecs were comparatively recent migrants to the region of Mesoamerica. they hailed from the north and arrived in the Valley of mexico in the twelfth or thirteenth century. they or the Toltecs (the people already living in the region) established the city complex of Tenochtitlan, which now supplies the foundations of modern Mexico City. they may have brought with them a tradition of eating hallucinogenic fungi or adopted religious customs of the indigenous civilizations of the region. The Aztec calendar is borrowed from the calendar of the Classic Maya. This system is more accurate than the calendar system employed today.

The period of advanced civilization known as the Classic Mayan thrived for little more than five hundred years, with an Early phase from A.D. 317-593, and followed by the Late Classic phase until 889. this period saw a homogeneity of glyph-writing, calendrics, and art over a wide area of mesoamerica, irrespective of the language and ethnic differences of the local inhabitants. The Mayans, whose cultural influence extended from mexico into Guatemala and Belize apparently used hallucinogens.

Mushrooms are illustrated in the Mayan Codex Vindoboneneis, in the hands of religious celebrants or deities.

Image and excerpt from Adrian Morgan's Toads and Toadstools: The Natural History, Folklore, and Cultural Oddities of a Strange Association, (1995, p. 131-132).

For more on hallucinogenic mushrooms and their history, see:

Mayan Deities with Mushrooms
Mayan Deities with Mushrooms Description