Japanese History: Hemp in Military Goods

Photo from Japanese Woodcuttings from NĂ´min Seikatsushi Jiten (Historic Encyclopedia of Farmer's Lives)

"Among the minor textiles the flax and hemp industries, which had a long history in Japan, were reorganized during this period. A hemp factory was founded with Government financial assistance in 1886 and others followed. During the Sino-Japanese war there was an active demand from the army for their products, but the trade decayed subsequently, to be revived during the Russo-Japanese War. In 1907 the industry passed under the control of the Teikoku Seima Kaisha (Imperial Hemp Company), a subsidiary of Yasuda; but it continued up to the war to be dependent on the demand for military goods, and the finer products were imported. In 1913 the spinning branch of the industry has about 27,000 spindles. This branch was conducted in fair-sized mills controlled by a single company, but much of the weaving took place in very small sheds."

- p. 70, Short Economic History of Modern Japan 1867- 1937 by G. C. Allen (1946)

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